(2) When the war ended in 1945, Hong Kong became free of Japanese
rule, the union members returned to Hong Kong to revive the
restaurant business. As the old address at Central was sold,
the main office had to move. A space on 4th floor, 15 Queen
Victoria Street was rented and became the new main office. It
was at that time that more than forty resurrecting committee
members unilaterally agreed on the formation of the "System
of Four Union Affairs" and appointed Chi Sum, Lau Yin, Ko Yau,
Chu Chou etc. as leaders responsible for supervising the "Union
Affairs." Nevertheless, during early post-war periods, Hong
Kong's economy was unable to recover immediately. It was a hard
time for the workers because their basic salary was very low.
They had to depend on other means such as tips to earn money
in order to make a living.
In response to this problem, the resurrecting committee members
elected eight people who were Lau Yum, Lau Yin, Ko Yau, Chu
Chou, Wong Can, Chi Sum, Tse Shiu Gai, Kwan Hei, to form a committee
responsible for improving the fringe benefits of the workers.
Lau Yum was elected as the chairman of the committee and Lau
Yin was elected as the vice chairman. They engaged in collective
bargaining with the management of the restaurants and proposed
the restaurants to pay commission to the workers. The focus
of the negotiation was how the commission should be calculated.
Both parties came to agree that for every $105 earned, $5 would
be divided among workers as commissions. The success in this
collective bargaining marked the turning point for the union
and it also greatly improved the living conditions of all workers
in the restaurant business.
In 1947, the union revised its constitution and set up a management
and supervisory council. The first president of the council
was Lau Yum and the vice president was Lau Yin. In the following
year, Lau Yum was invited by Chan Hei, the president of the
Guangzhou Restaurant and Cafˆm Union, to attend their anniversary
banquet. The president of the Macau Restaurant and Cafˆm Union,
Shum Ling, also attended the banquet. This was a rare occasion
for the union leaders of Guangzhou, Hong Kong and Macau to gather
together and they agreed to form a "Union League of Guangzhou,
Hong Kong and Macau" which became a platform for respective
members to discuss business cooperation and employment agreements.